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To participate in this discussion you will need to read the assigned readings in both the text and John J. Mearsheimer’s article “Why We Will Soon Miss the Cold War.”
In replying to at least one of your classmates, discuss the role nuclear weapons has played since the end of the Cold War. Have they shaped the post-Cold War era as they did the Cold War era? Or do you believe other factors have been more influential in the years since the conflict’s end (be specific)? The post I am replying to is below.
I think that the Cold War had an impact on humanity. Domestic policy was affected by the Cold War both socially and economically. Social improvements have regressed because of the American people’s extensive social brainwashing. A massive expansion of the government helped the economy experience enormous growth that was sparked by war-related sectors. During the Cold War, a nuclear conflict between the US and Russia posed the greatest threat to world peace. The potential number of deaths from a full-scale nuclear conflict exceeds that of all other wars combined. The US and Russia came dangerously close to one another on many occasions during the Cold War.
Three things make up today’s tangible legacy of the Cold War: local wars with lasting effects; nuclear weapons and the attendant arms control and non-proliferation treaties; and international institutions that nevertheless play a crucial role. The rivalry between the Soviet Union and the United States known as the Cold War erupted because of the Cold War, which lasted for decades and produced anti-communist conspiracies as well as international disasters that brought the two countries to the verge of nuclear war.
Theorist of international relations John J. Mearsheimer noted that we will soon look back and regret the end of the Cold War. Even while no one wants to go back to the actual Cold War, we will soon regret its end. His claim is that, as the Cold War fades into history, the likelihood of significant crises, and possibly wars, in Europe is going to grow significantly. The next 45 years in Europe are likely to be far more violent than the last 45 years, which we may one day refer to as the Long Peace rather than the Cold War, in the words of John Lewis Gaddis. However, they are not expected to be as violent as the 45 years prior to the Cold War.
In addition, this negative conclusion is based on the broad thesis that war and peace are primarily caused by the distribution and nature of military force among states.
In particular, the bipolar distribution of military power on the Continent, the approximate military parity between the polar powers—the United States and the Soviet Union—and the ritualistically mused fact that each of these superpowers is armed with a sizable nuclear arsenal—have all contributed to the fragile peace in Europe since 1945, which has grown more strongly over time.
Because there are just two great forces at odds in a bipolar society, Mearsheimer argues that it is more peaceful. Additionally, these major players often demand fealty from the system’s smaller players, which is likely to result in restrictive alliance arrangements. However, multipolar systems are more stable than bipolar ones because big powers can rise through alliances and minor conflicts that do not directly conflict with other powers; According to classical realists, this is impossible in bipolar systems.
Mearsheimer believes that in a multipolar state system, intimidation is challenging to support since power imbalances are frequent, and when power imbalances arise, the strong are difficult to deter. As Germany and the Soviet Union did in 1939 when they collaborated to attack Poland, two powerful nations can join together to attack the third state. Additionally, in a one-on-one conflict, a stronger power may simply verbally abuse a weaker one, using its greater strength to oppress or defeat the weaker state. Given that Germany’s actions against Czechoslovakia in the late 1930s serve as a good illustration of this type of behavior, his assertions may be right. Since there are only two big forces occupying the limelight in a bipolar system, it is impossible to create the power imbalances that lead to ganging up and terrorizing.